MobiKat

Mobility Support in Emergency and Disaster Situations

The MobiKat system is used in the prevention and management of large-scale disaster situations and daily emergency response actions. It delivers valuable decision support for incident managers and emergency staff on site for the effective planning and execution of protection and rescue measures.

One of the main concerns is to ensure mobility for all involved parties. Thus, quick help can be guaranteed within the scope of legal obligations, and personal as well as material damages are reduced.

Motivation

Securing mobility during emergency and disaster situations is essential.

The Fraunhofer Institute for Transportation and Infrastructure Systems IVI together with the Landkreis Sächsische Schweiz and the Czech consulting agency Akademie o.p.s. are working on the security of cross-border mobility in large-scale disaster situations in the Euroregion Elbe/Labe.

Scope of the Project

The MobiKat technology focuses on:

  • continuously updated data integration in the fields of disaster and traffic management
  • planning and operational disposition both for everyday emergency response actions and large-scale disaster situations,
  • data exchange and mutual functional enhancement with DISMA,
  • mobile devices for operations management and relief forces,
  • mobile autonomous camera system for the monitoring of dangerous incident scenes,
  • analyses and concepts for the evaluation of transport infrastructure and the securing of mobility in large-scale disaster situations.

Technical Realization

As an essential basis for the implementation in the district of Sächsische Schweiz, data from 40 official and commercial sources has been integrated and continuously updated. The data includes: road and rail network, bridges, tunnels, current construction sites, bodies of water, flood plains at two locations, address coordinates with allocation of inhabitants, public transport routes and stops, buildings, limits of land parcels, critical infrastructure / endangered objects, fire departments, ambulance and police stations, resources for disaster management, fire hydrants, digital elevation model (DEM25), climbing rocks, orthophotos (1 pixel = 20 cm) etc.

In close cooperation with end users, a universal IT system for a visualization of the situation and decision support in real time was developed and put into practice. Functionalities include:

  • visualization of infrastructure in freely selectable levels of detail, choice of zoom and layers, targeted object search,
  • optimized selection of resources and operational planning for fire engines, ambulances, etc.,
  • disposition and route planning under consideration of road network and vehicle characteristics,
  • calculation of water pumping on long distances including locations of pumps for freely selectable parameters of route, pressure and hose, planning of fire safety requirements as well as accessibility for fire departments and ambulance stations, etc.
  • operational planning for buildings of special interest in disaster management.

In order to obtain live information from exposed areas, autonomous cameras with wireless data transmission have been developed. These cameras have autonomous power supply lasting for several days, 18x zoom and remote control.

The transport and infrastructure database was the foundation for the digital maps for the control system of the district’s emergency control room.

In close cooperation with end users, detailed studies have been carried out dealing with the management of traffic problems during the Müglitz flood as well as the planning of necessary traffic control measures and access routes in the case of the leakage of hazardous materials caused by a local chemical company.